Menurut Kamus Dewan, FUAD bermaksud hati (perasaan)
Monday, September 2, 2013
Generation Game: Volkswagen Golf GTI
The production version of the Mk7 Golf GTI will make its
debut at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. With more power and torque as well as a
better handling chassis and a DSG gearbox, the newest GTI will undoubtedly
carry on Volkswagen's proud 'hot hatch' heritage, but with nearly 40-years of
history behind it, there's more than enough material to see how the Golf GTI
has developed over the years.
Volkswagen launched the original Golf in 1974, while it was
still riding high on the flower-power Beetle. The Giorgetto Giugiario penned
lines, crisp handling and reliability were perfect for the era but the Golf
really took off with the introduction of the GTI in 1975. Armed with a
fuel-injected 110bhp 1.6-litre engine, 810kg kerb weight and a chassis to
match, it offered performance and practicality in one package that was also
affordable to many. The first real 'hot hatch' the Mk1 GTI received a 1.8-litre
engine in 1982 along with new quad headlamps. By the time production ended for
the Mk1, Volkswagen had successfully made the transition to mainstream car
The first Golf was a worldwide hit so expectations were high
when Volkswagen started selling the Mk2 version of the car in 1984. It
collected an impressive array of awards and again, there was a GTI version too.
The original one used the 110bhp 1.8-litre motor from the old car but in 1986,
Volkswagen introduced the Golf GTI 16V. As the name suggests, it used a
16-valve version of the 1.8-litre with 138bhp and though the kerb weight had
crept up to 910kg, it was still one of the best cars in the 'hot hatch' class.
There were also several special models like the GTI G60, Rallye Golf and the
Golf Limited but the real GTI cars were the 8V and 16V models.
When the Mk3 Golf was launched in November 1991, it had earned
a reputation for not only being reliable and practical but also offering levels
of build that were far higher than its rivals. The GTI however had somehow
fallen down the priority scale as rocketing insurance costs, especially in the UK market, made
them very expensive to own. Nevertheless, there was a Mk3 GTI, which used a
2.0-litre 16V engine (a development of the old 1.8-litre 16V) with a healthy
148bhp on tap. Thus equipped, the Golf GTI Mk3 was a genuine 215km/h top speed
car but it was also no longer the ultimate performance golf. That title now
belonged to the Golf VR6, which used a 2.8-litre narrow-angle V6 engine.
The ultimate emancipation of the Golf GTI happened with the
Mk4 version of the car, which was built from 1997-2004. With the introduction
of the VR6, V5 and later the R32 model, the GTI was no longer the performance
Golf it was supposed to be. There was more than one engine to choose from as
early versions used a turbocharged and non-turbocharged version of the Audi A4
1.8-litre engine with 125bhp and 150bhp. In 1999 they even introduced an
anaemic 115bhp 2.0-litre 8V motor, which is probably the worse Golf GTI ever.
Redemption came in the form of the 180bhp 1.8-litre turbo Golf GTI, but with
the introduction of the 237bhp Golf R32, it was clear the GTI would remain as
the second tier of performance Golf variants.
Galloping into European showrooms in 2003, the Mk5 Golf
shocked the car world with an unheard of level of quality. It was costly to
build with independent rear suspension and a rumoured 50-hour build time but it
was also miles ahead of the competition. The Mk5 GTI went on sale in late 2004
and used a 2.0TFSI motor with 197bhp. It also used a six-speed dual-clutch DSG
gearbox, which set it apart from its manual-only competitors. This model really
re-established the GTI name and while there was an even faster R32 model in the
range, the GTI was once again the best combination of real-world performance,
cost and practicality for the Golf range.
Critics often refer to the Mk6 Golf as the Mk5.5 as it
featured a lot of carry over components. A refinement of the direction taken
with the Mk5 Golf it had the same premium quality concept as its predecessor.
Diesel engines and fuel efficiency had overtaken performance as the main priority
but there was still a potent GTI. Using the EA888 2.0-litre TFSI engine with
210bhp and a 6-speed DSG gearbox, it now offered genuine junior GT car
performance with everyday practicality. The ultimate performance model was the
Golf R, which used a tuned turbocharged 2.0-litre engine. It's armed with
252bhp and comes with a Haldex all-wheel-drive system, which helps
differentiate it from the already potent GTI.